What is a multilayer PCB?
The definition of multilayer PCB is a PCB composed of at least three layers of conductive copper foil. They come in the form of several layers of double-sided printed circuit boards, laminated and glued with insulating layers of heat protection. The entire structure is arranged so that two layers are positioned on the sides of the printed circuit board to connect to the environment.
By combining the power of a double-layer printed circuit board in a very small format, multilayer printed circuit boards are becoming increasingly popular in electronics. They are available in a wide range of sizes and thicknesses to meet the needs of your expanding applications, with variations ranging from four to twelve layers. The layers are usually in even numbers because odd numbers of layers can cause problems in the circuit, such as deformation, and are no longer convenient to produce. Most applications require four to eight levels, although applications such as mobile devices and smartphones typically use a dozen levels, and some professional circuit manufacturers are able to produce multi-layered boards with nearly 100 layers. However, multilayer PCBs with so many layers are rare because they are extremely inefficient in terms of costs.
Multilayer PCB Benefits
From a technical point of view, multilayer printed circuits have numerous design advantages. The current advantages of multilayer PCBs include:
- Reduced dimensions: one of the most remarkable and appreciated advantages of using multilayer printed circuits is its size. Because of their layered design, multilayer PCBs are inherently smaller than other PCBs with similar functionality. This is of great benefit to modern electronics as the current trend is for smaller, more compact and more powerful devices such as smartphones, laptops, tablets and portable devices.
- Lightweight construction: with smaller printed circuit boards, it has a lower weight, especially since the multiple connectors required for the interconnection of single and dual circuit boards are eliminated in favor of a multi-layered design. This, once again, is beneficial for modern electronics, more oriented to mobility.
- High quality: due to the amount of work and planning necessary to create multilayer PCBs, these types of PCBs tend to be of better quality than single layer and double layer PCBs. They also tend to be more reliable as a result.
- Longer life: multi-layer PCBs tend to be durable in nature. These multilayer printed circuits need not only support their weight, but also withstand the heat and pressure used to assemble them.
- Improved flexibility: although this does not apply to all multilayer printed circuit boards, some use flexible construction techniques, resulting in a flexible multi-layer printed circuit. This can be a highly desirable feature for applications where slight bending and slight bending can occur semi-uniformly. Again, this does not apply to all multilayer PCBs, and multiple layers are embedded in a flexible, less flexible PCB becomes the PCB.
- More Powerful: Multilayer printed circuit boards are high density assemblies, incorporating multiple layers into a single printed circuit board. These small spaces allow the plates to be more connective and their innate electrical properties allow them to reach a greater capacity and speed despite its small size.
- Single connection point: Multilayer printed circuit boards are designed to operate as a single unit, rather than being associated with other components of the printed circuit board. As a result, they only have one connection point, instead of the multiple connection points needed to use multiple single-layer PCBs.
These advantages make multilayer printed circuit boards very useful in many applications, including mobile devices and high-performance electronic devices. As many industries are increasingly turning to mobile solutions, multi-layered PCBs are finding their way into a growing number of specific applications.